This is the English letter we have made for physicians to give to their patients. You can use the Google translator tool (see side bar) to make an automated translation to your own language. Please be aware that the automated Google translator is not perfect and may make errors!
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Date of birth: ______________________
Because of cardiologic and/or genetic evidence of Brugada syndrome in the patient mentioned above, I advised him/her not to take the following prescriptions:
DRUGS TO BE AVOIDED
Antiarrhythmic drugs: Ajmaline, Flecainide, Pilsicainide, Procainamide, Propafenone
Psychotropic drugs: Amitriplyline, Clomipramine, Desipramine, Lithium, Loxapine, Nortriptyline, Oxcarbazepine, Trifluoperazine
Anesthetics / analgesics: Bupivacaine, Procaine, Propofol
Other substances: Acetylcholine, Alcohol (toxicity), Cocaine, Ergonovine
DRUGS PREFERABLY AVOIDED
Antiarrhythmic drugs: Amiodarone, Cibenzoline, Disopyramide, Lidocaine*, Propranolol, Verapamil
Psychotropic drugs: Carbamazepine, Clotiapine, Cyamemazine, Dosulepine, Doxepine, Fluoxetine, Fluvoxamine, Imipramine, Lamotrigine, Maprotiline, Paroxetine, Perphenazine, Phenytoin, Thioridazine
Anesthetics / analgesics: Ketamine, Tramadol
Other substances: Demenhydrinate, Diphenhydramine, Edrophonium, Indapamide, Metoclopramide, Terfenadine/Fexofenadine
* Lidocaine use for local anesthesia (e.g. by dentists) does seem to be safe if the amount administrated is low and if it is combined with adrenaline (epinephrine) which results in a local effect only.
Further, in case of fever, close (electrocardiographic) monitoring is appropriate in combination with lowering of the body temperature (e.g. by using Paracetamol/Acetaminophen).
Please be aware of the active drugs in medicines that contain a combination of drugs. Further, the presence or absence of a particular drug on this list do not preclude a certain harmful or safe use of that particular drug in this patient respectively.
For the most recent recommendations (and the disclaimer) on drugs to be avoided by Brugada syndrome patients, please visit http://www.brugadadrugs.org .